Carved antler baton with horses

Carved antler baton with horses
Age: 
About 14,000–11,500 years old
Site: 
La Madeleine, Dordogne, France
Carved antler baton with horses; La Madeleine, Dordogne, France
-11500
-14000

Carved Bone Disc

Carved Bone Disc
Age: 
About 30,000–23,000 years old
Site: 
Xiaogushan, China
Carved bone disc; Xiaogushan, China.
-23000
-30000

Ancient Shell Beads

Ancient Shell Beads
Age: 
About 82,000 years old
Site: 
Grotte des Pigeons, Taforalt, Morocco

Early Trade Routes?


These 82,000 year old Nassarius gibbosulus shell beads were discovered more than 40 km (25 mi) from the Mediterranean Sea, where they originated. By 40,000 years ago, humans were transporting decorative shells—and perhaps trading them—over areas of more than 500 km (310 mi).

Shell beads; Grotte des Pigeons, Taforalt, Morocco
-82000
-82000

Tata Plaque

Tata Plaque
Age: 
About 100,000 years old
Site: 
Tata, Hungary

Made by Neanderthals

This enigmatic object was discovered at sites where Neanderthals lived. Microscopic analysis shows that the Neanderthal who created this plaque carefully beveled the edge. Remnants of red ocher in surface cracks reveal that color was applied to the plaque.

Tata Plaque, carved of mammoth tooth enamel; Tata, Hungary
-100000
-100000

Willendorf Venus

Willendorf Venus
Age: 
About 26,000 - 24,000 years old
Site: 
Willendorf, Austria
Venus of Willendorf figurine; Willendorf, Austria
-24000
-26000

Female torso in ivory

Female torso in ivory
Age: 
About 27,000 - 25,000 years old
Site: 
Dolní Vĕstonice, Czech Republic
 Female Torso figurine; Dolni Vestonice, Czech Republic
-25000
-27000

Carved Ivory Running Lion

Carved Ivory Running Lion
Age: 
About 27,000–25,000 years old
Site: 
Pavlov, Czech Republic
Running lion carved from mammoth ivory; Pavlov, Czech Republic
-25000
-27000

Ivory Horse Figurine

Ivory Horse Figurine
Age: 
About 15,000 years old
Site: 
Lourdes, France
Ivory Horse; Lourdes, France
-15000
-15000

Ivory Horse Sculpture

Ivory Horse Sculpture
Age: 
About 32,000–31,000 years old
Site: 
Vogelherd, Germany

Made of mammoth ivory, this sculpture was found in a cave where humans gathered to eat animals they had hunted. Other sculptures from the same site depict mammoths, bison, and lions.

Ivory Horse Figurine,  Vogelherd, Germany
-31000
-32000

Handaxe and Tektites from Bose, China

Handaxe and Tektites from Bose, China
Date of discovery: 
1996
Discovered by: 
A team led by Hou Yamei and Rick Potts
Age: 
About 803,000 years old
Site: 
Bose, China

Smithsonian scientists and their Chinese colleagues found this and other handaxes in the same sediment layer with tektites, small rocks that formed during a meteor impact 803,000 years ago.


 Since the handaxes and tektites were in the same layer, both are the same age. Early humans must have moved into the area right after the impact. They may have made the handaxes from rocks that were exposed when forests burned.

Tektites from Bose, China
Handaxe, Bose, China
-803000
-803000
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