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Baboon, Kenya (USNM 397476)
Old World monkeys are primates and are more closely related to humans and apes than any other living nonhuman primate group. The Smithsonian Institution’s Division of Mammals (http://vertebrates.si.edu/mammals/) houses many Old World monkeys in its scientific collections.
This specimen, USNM 397476 (http://collections.mnh.si.edu/search/mammals/?irn=7048763), is a female olive baboon (Papio anubis) from Kenya. This individual was collect in 1966 by R. E. Kuntz. This specimen measured 1015 mm in total body length and 467 mm in tail length. The hind tarsus measured 188 mm and the ear notch length measured 47 mm.
This is a CT scan of the cranium of USNM 397476. These three-dimensional scans are made publicly available through the generous support of the Smithsonian 2.0 Fund, provided from the annual gifts of the Smithsonian National Board to the Secretary to use at his discretion (http://smithsonian20.si.edu/fund.html), and the Smithsonian Collections Care and Preservation Fund.
The main goal of this joint initiative between the Human Origins Program and the Division of Mammals is to make the NMNH's scientific collections of our closest living nonhuman primate relatives available in 3D for education and research.